The achilles tendon is the largest tendon in your body and it connects your calf muscles to your calcaneus or your heel bone. The achilles tendon helps with walking by lifting your heel off of the ground.
The Achilles tendon can be irritated and inflamed, leading to Achilles tendonitis. Achilles tendonitis is the acute phase of irritation and inflammation that will potentially lead to pain of the Achilles Tendon. If left untreated, this can develop into Achilles tendinosis, which is a more chronic state of inflammation and pain within the Achilles tendon. This can also lead to degeneration of the Achilles tendon that can happen on its insertion on the calcaneus or heel bone, or within the substance of the Achilles tendon body itself.
Causes of Achilles Tendon Pathology
Achilles tendon pathology can develop as an overuse injury which is caused by an increase in some type of repetitive activity that requires the Achilles tendon to function. For example, a sudden increase in the amount of running you are doing may lead to Achilles Tendonitis developing. This type of sudden repetitive movements put alot of stress and strain on the Achilles tendon leading to micro-injury that cannot heal itself because of continued stress being applied to the Achilles tendon. This leads to the structure of the Achilles tendon changing and leading to your pain.
People that are at a higher risk for developing Achilles tendon pathology are athletes, “weekend warriors”, laborers and people with flat feet.
Symptoms of Achilles Tendon Pathology
Conservative Treatment Options
Some treatment options include:
Surgical Treatment Options
When conservative options fail to improve pain, surgical intervention can be offered. Surgery would help repair the tendon. The best surgical treatment option for you will be discussed.
If you have Achilles tendon pain, call 847-380-3700 for an appointment today!